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Home > California Facts

California Facts

Capitol - Sacramento

Population - Population, demographic, and housing information from the 2000 Census

Population growth rate 1990-00 - 13.6%

Most populous metropolitan area 2000 - Los Angeles:  16,373,645

10 largest cities (2000 est.)
  • Los Angeles - 3,694,820
  • San Diego - 1,223,400
  • San Jose - 894,943
  • San Francisco - 776,733
  • Long Beach - 461,522
  • Fresno - 427,652
  • Sacramento - 407,018
  • Oakland - 399,484
  • Santa Ana - 337,977
  • Anaheim - 328,014
California counties - There are 58 California counties

State Flag - The California State Flag
On June 14, 1846, a small band of settlers marched on the Mexican garrison at Sonoma and took the commandant, Mariano Vallejo, prisoner, They issued a proclamation which declared California to be a Republic independent of Mexico. This uprising became known as the Bear Flag Revolt after the hastily designed flag depicting a grizzly bear and a five pointed star over a red bar and the words "California Republic." The grizzly bear was a symbol of great strength while the lone star made reference to the lone Star of Texas. The flag only flew until July 9, 1846 when it was learned that Mexico and the United States were already at war. Soon after, the Bear Flag was replaced with the American flag. It was adopted as the State Flag by the State Legislature in 1911.

State Symbols - State bird, song, etc.

Total Area - 163,707 square miles

Total Land Area - 155,973 square miles

Total Water Area - 7,734 square miles

Shoreline - 3,427 miles

Coastline - 840 miles

Rank among states in total area - 1st

Length north and south - 770 miles

Width east and west - 250 miles

Highest Natural Point - Mt. Whitney at 14,494 feet

Geographic Center - Located 38 miles east of Madera

Coastline - 840 miles

Tidal Shoreline - (including small bays and inlets) is 3,427 miles

Longest River - Sacramento, 350 miles

Largest Lake - The Salton Sea, 376 square miles

Largest county - San Bernardino County, 20,164 square miles

Smallest county - San Francisco County, 91 square miles

First permanent European settlement - Near San Diego in 1769 by Spain

U.S. Territory - 1847

Admitted to U.S. as state - September 9, 1850 (31st state)

Education - California has 1,056 school districts (997 Public school districts).

Property taxes collected for school districts are used to fund each district's revenue limit, and in most of California's nearly 1,000 districts, the balance of the funding needed to reach revenue limits is provided by the state.

Form of government - Governor and officers consisting of Secretary of State, Attorney General, Comptroller, Treasurer, Insurance Commissioner, Board of Equalization, and Superintendent of Public Instruction

State sales tax - 7.25%

State income tax - Ranges from 1.0 to 9.3%

Legislature - 120 Assembly Members, 40 Senate Members, 53 Congressional Representatives.

Major California Airports - Burbank Airport (BUR), Catalina Island Airport (AVX), El Toro Airport (NZJ), Fresno Yosemite International Airport (FAT), Long Beach Airport (LGB), Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), Monterey Peninsula Airport (MRY), Oakland International Airport (OAK), Ontario International Airport (ONT), Palmdale Airport (PMD), Sacramento Executive Airport (SAC), Sacramento International Airport (SMF), Sacramento Mather Airport (MHR), San Diego - Lindbergh Field Intl. Airport (SAN), San Francisco International Airport (SFO), San Jose International Airport (SJC), Santa Ana - John Wayne Intl. Airport (SNA), Santa Barbara Municipal Airport (SBO), Santa Monica Municipal Airport (SMO), Van Nuys Regional Airport (VNY), Watsonville Municipal Airport (WVI),


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